1. Electricity was never invented. It was discovered. The difference between invention and discovery is that humans can invent something which does not already exist in nature and discover something which already exists in nature.
2. While many people give credits to Benjamin Franklin for the discovery of electricity, it is far from being true. Franklin conducted a series of experiments that merely helped establishing a relationship between electricity and lightning.
3. So, who discovered electricity? To answer this question, we need to travel back in time. How far back? More than a couple of thousand years back! Yes, we are looking back into the ancient times.
4. Static electricity was discovered by the ancient Greeks some 600 years before the beginning of the Common Era. They noticed that when amber and fur are rubbed together, they attract each other. Eureka! They discovered static electricity.
5. Romans weren’t that dumb either! After all, they built the mighty Roman Empire. Somewhere in the 1930s, archaeological excavations of the ancient Roman sites revealed some pots wrapped with copper sheets from inside. Careful studies of the discovered pots led the scientists to believe that these were ancient batteries.
6. And how can we forget the Persians? The dig sites near Bagdad revealed similar pots and scientists, after careful examination of those pots and their internal components, could not come up with any alternative theory but to suggest that the only purpose of those pots was to generate weak electric current.
7. So the question is, what did the ancients do with these batteries? Scientists believe that they used them for electroplating artefacts that are now stored in museums all around the world.
8. Ancient Egyptian tombs are, as believed by many scholars of likes of Sir J. Norman Lockyer, are blatant proof that ancient Egyptians used electric lamps. The arguments put forward are that in the deepest recesses of the freshly-opened tombs, there are no evidences of soot marks on ceilings. He argues that using oil lamps or dim candles to aid the artisans in embellishing the walls with accurate colours and fine details of the deceased would leave soot marks on the ceilings.
9. He further argues that using mirrors to reflect the sunlight is also not a close possibility because it would require very complex arrangement of the mirrors in the maze of rooms found in those tombs. Furthermore, just in case an artisan stepped right in front of a reflecting mirror, the whole critical link would break.
10. Lockyer points out that all the freshly-opened tombs (those that were not intruded by grave thieves and looters) did not show any smoke residue anywhere on walls or ceilings, which goes on to prove that ancient Egyptians probably used electric lamps.